Optimizing the Supply Chain by the Collaboration between Commercial and Humanitarian Sectors
Dominguez Vargas, Javier
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Several articles related to the humanitarian logistics have been recently published. The international logisticians are turning their focus, or at least extending it, to this industry, which shows a fast development in the last years, especially after the tsunami of 2004. The aim of this work, focused in the collaboration between the private sector and the humanitarian organizations, is the study of possibilities of collaboration as well as the benefits and problems that can appear (might arise) in this relationship. To develop this project, it is important to start knowing the actual economic crisis situation involved in all the decisions made in the commercial sector and can affect also the humanitarian one. The work explains how this affects the environment where both supply chains are developing their operations. After an individual analysis about each supply chain, this project will show the reader the strengths and weaknesses of each sector, and how combine them to obtain a better model. For example, adding the experience and resources of the private sector to the humanitarian organizations and incorporating the flexibility and agility of humanitarian groups to the private field. A model will be added to select the correct partner. This will be useful in order to know the steps to follow from the moment a company decides to partner with other organization as part of its strategy. The risk management is other of the critical factors for both sectors that will be explained, not only in the case of humanitarian disasters but also for the commercial sector where it can be developed learning from the disaster relief agencies. For this work, different research techniques have been used like the scientific literature review, expert interviews, and questionnaires. The information collected was analyzed by tools as PEST or SWOT analysis. By using graphs and figures, the interpretation of the information will be easier for the reader.