Creating an efficient and scalable manufacturing system for made-to-measure jeans
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This Master of Science thesis is done for Nomojeans Corporation Oy (NOMO Jeans), which was founded in Helsinki in September 2010. NOMO Jeans designs, produces, and sells customized made-to-measure jeans. The idea is based on observed customer need, as it can be very difficult to find perfectly fitting jeans with desired design from the vast selections of apparel stores. The goal of this thesis is to create an efficient and scalable manufacturing system for customized made-to-measure jeans. The apparel industry has faced significant changes in the last decades, and increasing competition has created a need for new strategies to answer the growing, fragmenting and faster changing demand with wider product variations. Mass customization is a strategy to fulfill customer needs more profoundly. Mass customization requires the use of flexible processes to produce varied customized products and services at low cost with a standardized mass production system. One important goal of customization is high customer satisfaction, which is realized by giving the customer an opportunity to affect the product features and fit. Flexibility with excellent quality is difficult to achieve with changing volumes. Thus close relations and frequent communication with producers and suppliers are required as well as steady sales and growth in volumes. Quality assurance is important in every part of the supply chain. The production efficiency can be increased by optimized, pre- designed and standardized detail options, from which the customers can choose from, and by increasing modularity in product architecture and in production. Accurate measurements and body shape information from a 3D body scanner, automated individual pattern creation, and standardized customization options enable agile mass production of customized made-to-measure jeans.