Electrical Accident Hazards in the Nordic Countries
Permanent address of the item is
The Nordic electrical safety authorities co-operate on issues related to electrical safety e.g. electrical accidents. Certain electrical accidents need to be reported to the electrical safety authorities. Deeper knowledge on Nordic electrical accidents was collected in this study. The aim of the study was to find ways to improve electrical safety in the Nordic Countries. Electrical safety problem areas, emerging risks and best practices were also studied. The Nordic electrical safety authorities do not have information on the total number of occurred electrical accidents because of under-reporting. Former studies have focused on electrical accidents in one Nordic Country and mainly on electrical accidents of electrical professionals. Electrical accidents from the year 2011 given by the Nordic electrical safety authorities were analyzed in this study. The material was divided into occupational electrical accidents of electrical professionals and those of laymen and leisure time electrical accidents. In addition, the representatives of the Nordic electrical safety authorities were interviewed on electrical accident information collection and electrical safety problem areas in this study. The Nordic electrical safety authorities have a bit different understanding of electrical accidents on the basis of the electrical accidents reported to them. The electrical accident material from the different Nordic Countries diversifies together the understanding. The material should be utilized in cooperation more effectively than nowadays in electrical accident prevention. The occupational electrical accidents of the electrical professionals resulted mostly from not obeying instructions and occupational electrical accidents of laymen from damaged electrical installations and products. It needs to be questioned how widely the causes were mentioned in the material. It seems that certain causes stand out in the electrical accident reports. Only few leisure time electrical accidents were reported to the electrical safety authorities in 2011 which complicated making conclusion of those accidents. Emerging risks connected mainly to the development of the technology. It needs always to be remembered that electrical accident prevention is continuous work.