Kalevala Sauna - Exploration of Architectural Expression
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Kalevala Sauna - Arkkitehtonisen Ilmaisun Tutkimus
Exploring potentiality of expression is one of the most vital issues in architectural design. In any occasions, architects seek a proper way to express a meaning of spatiality. The environment, city, history, culture, age and any factors mutually collaborate to identify the place, therefore the answers are innumerable. In addition, by contrast to other art expression, human intervenes in it. One’s action and interpretation simultaneously affect architectural space in both expressive and experiential ways. Due to this complexity, it is consequently interesting yet diffi cult to express concepts in architectural manners, especially when the idea originates in an abstract subject. Our primitive senses build a fundamental core of the perceptual world. Based on this notion, this research analyses the interactive relation between architecture and human, followed by design process dealing with mythological theme to examine the architectural expression of indigenous abstraction. The thesis contains four main chapters; Expression and Experience; Kalevala; Mythology in Expression; and Kalevala Sauna. First chapter refers the theoretical research concerning to architectural meaning of expression. Bodily experience and perceptions are studied from several points of view in comparison with arts. Second and third chapters focus on mythology, oral tradition that transmitted over generations. A Finnish national epic “Kalevala” is analysed as a clue to read a vernacular context, while case study proves various interpretations of myths in any expressive scenes both in Finland and other countries. The last chapter concludes the above research with design process. The themes from the Kalevala are applied as a main concept to a design of sauna, the place of Finnish authenticity, perceived with entire bodily sense. Throughout the thesis, consistent theme is to seek the potentiality of architectural expression and of its perceptual experience.