Application-Specific Instruction-Set Processor for Future Radio Integrated Circuits
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Sovelluskohtainen käskykantaprosessori tulevaisuuden radiomikropiireihin
Licensed Assisted Access is a 3GPP specified feature, for using the unlicensed frequen-cy band as a supplemental transmission medium to the licensed band. LAA uses clear channel assessment, for discovering the channel state and accessing the medium. LAA provides a contention based algorithm, featuring a conservative listen-before-talk scheme, and random back-off. This CCA scheme is thought to increase co-existence with existing technologies in the unlicensed band, namely, WLAN and Bluetooth. Application-specific instruction-set processors can be tailored to fit most applications, and offer increased flexibility to hardware design through, programmable solutions. ASIP architecture is defined by the designer, while the ASIP tools provide retargetable compiler generation and automatic hardware description generation, for faster design exploration. In this thesis, we explore the 3GPP LAA downlink requirements, and identify the key processing challenges as FFT, energy detection and carrier state maintenance. To design an efficient ASIP for LAA, we explore the different architectural choices we have available and arrive at a statically scheduled, multi-issue architecture. We evaluate dif-ferent design approaches, and choose a Nokia internal ASIP design as the basis for our solution. We modify the design, to meet our requirements and conclude that the pro-posed solution should fit the LAA use case well.