Inband Full-Duplex Technology for Multi-Functional Multi-Mode Radios: Applications and System Experiments
Permanent address of the item is
Kaistansisäinen full-duplex-tekniikka monitoimintoisissa ja monitilaisissa radioissa: sovelluskohteet ja järjestelmätestaukset
Radio transceivers are devices which send or receive electromagnetic waves for certain purpose. These devices are crucial in military domain for tactical communication and electronic warfare operations, and new types of technologies are continually being developed. Especially, inband full-duplex technology has potential as many military-related requirements can be covered by using this technology. This thesis discusses the emerging concept of a multi-functional radio with inband full-duplex capability that allows simultaneous use of multiple functionalities for tactical communication and electronic warfare. This is in contrast with legacy tactical radios that mostly make use of half-duplex technology, where only one functionality at the time can be enabled. Furthermore, this area has not been yet sufficiently explored in scientific literature. Full-duplex multi-functional radios are capable of manually or automatically modifying their functionalities to match the situation experienced in the battlefield. The full-duplex multi-functional radio may, for example, jam an opponent while receiving successfully tactical data from allied transmitters. On the other hand, the full-duplex multi-functional radio is capable of creating so-called radio shield which is "jamming bubble" where several different jamming strategies, such as tune and barrage jammer are exploited. The radio shield is capable of preventing an opponent's interception while receiving tactical information from allied transmitters. Furthermore, the radio shield can prevent activation of radio-controlled explosives that opponents may have, or the full-duplex multi-functional radio can be used for signal surveillance or signal detection purposes. Both defensive and offensive proof-of-concept experiments are performed to show the advantages of using a multi-functional radio that has inband full-duplex capability. In the offensive experiments, an inband full-duplex radio is used for jamming and intercepting an opponent on the same frequency band. The results show that the opponent's tactical signal quality decreases radically when jamming power is increased. However, increasing jamming power does not affect the full-duplex radio's own signal quality. In the experiments, several different jamming strategies, such as tune and barrage jammer are used. The same phenomenon can be seen in defensive experiments where the opponent tries to intercept tactical transmission between the full-duplex radio and its team's members. Due to this, the multi-functional radio with inband full-duplex capability can be exploited successfully in military environment.